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动物实验室规划

2020-01-01 09:05:18
动物实验室规划
详细介绍:

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Planning  designing_Animal laboratory planning

规划设计_动物实验室规划

Sterile animals  animals with known bacteria  without special pathogen need to be kept in

sterile environment, this kind of environment is at present known as barrier environment in the world, that is, using a barrier to separate animals  surrounding pollution.

无菌、已知菌以及无特殊病原体动物都需要在无菌或尽可能无菌的环境里饲养,这种环境,目前国际上通用称

为屏障环境,即用一道屏障把动物与周围污染的环境隔开。

A.Isolation system/隔离系统

It is a system for breeding animals in a contalner with gloves  it is used to keep sterile animals  terrestrilal animals.The cleanliness inside must be level 1 00 according to the requirements of microorganism, but rooms  operators shall  be considered as for sterile room.

是在带有操作手套的容器中饲养动物的系统,用于饲养无菌动物和栖生动物。内部保持按微生物要求的100级

的洁净度,但其设置的房间及操作人员不必按无菌室考虑。

B.Shield system/屏障系统

The sterile room with level 10, 000- 100, 000 can be used as feeding room, which is mainly used for long-term breeding of animals without special pathogen.Strict management should be carried out when entering the room such as shower, change clothes, etc.

把10000~ 100000级左右的无菌洁净室作为饲养室,主要用于无特殊病原体动物的长期饲养和繁殖。入室施行

严格管理,如淋浴、換贴身衣服等。

C.Semi- -shield system/半屏障系统

Broaden management of people  objects coming in  out of the room.The composition of the plane is roughly the same as the shield system.

放宽对屏障系统中人及物出入房间时的管理,平面组成大致与屏障系统相同。

D.Laminar frame system/层流架系统

Cages should be placed in a clean horizontal laminar air.It is commonly used in small scale breeding,but there is a risk of contamination in an ordinary room for teeding, operation  handling. Semi- shield can be supplemented.

笼具放在清净的水平层流空气中。常用于小规模饲养,但在一般房间进行饲养、操作和处理时有被污染的危险

性。可用于半屏障的补充。

E.Open System/开放系统

It is the system for people, objects  air coming in  out of the room without eliminating pollution, but usually a certain degree of cleaning management should be carried out.

是对人、物、空气等进出房间均不施行消除污染的系统,但通常要进行某种程度的清洁管理。

动物实验室规划公司

Planning  designing_Animal laboratory planning

规划设计_动物实验室规划

Basic requirements for animal room design/动物房设计的基本要求

(1)Site:quiet andhygienic.

(2 ) Layout:preparation area, feeding area  experimental area.People flow, goods flow

animal flow are separated (one- way); purification, seriliation, pest control are required.

(3) Building:have a clean

corridor, feeding room, pollution corridor  other rooms.

(4) Air conditioning system:temperature, humidity  air

velocily are controllable with certain amount of ventilation volume  air pressure.

(5) Lighting:use fluorescent lamps

for animal room without windows  use glass windows for animal room with windows to filter UV.12h lighting  12h dark

are required.

(6) Water supply:drinking water  purified water.

(1)选址:僻静、卫生。

(2)布置:分为准备区、饲养区、实验区。要求人流、物流、动物流分开(单向流程) ;要求净化、灭

菌、防虫。

(3)建筑:要求有洁净走廊,饲养室,污染走廊以及其他各室。

(4) 空调系统:有可控制的温度和湿度、气

流速度和分布,有一定的换气量和气压。

(5)照明:无窗动物房使用荧光灯,有窗动物房可安装玻璃窗,以滤去紫外线。要求

12h亮,12h暗。

(6)供水:有饮用水和精制水。

动物实验室规划公司

Configuration of animal room/动物房的设置

Animal room, activity area  corresponding auxiliary room should be built according to different species  dfferent levels of experimental animals.The site should be quiet  clean without adverse extermnal infuence.

根据不同种类和不同级别实验动物的需要,建立相应设施的动物房、活动场所和相应的辅助用房。场址应选在

能保持安静、清洁、无不良外界影响的地方。

Animal room must be full of light with good ventilation, have clean ground  no water accumulation; celling  walls must be easy to clean  disinfect; exterior walls, roof, ceiling, doors  windows  pipelines must be free  animals, mosquitoes  other pests.Indoor

temperature should be controlled at in 18-29C, relative humidity 40%-70%,noise 60dB.

动物房必须光线充足、通风良好、地面整洁,不积水;顶棚、墙壁要易于清洁、消毒;外墙、屋顶、顶棚、门

窗及通外面的管道等必须杜绝外界动物、蚊蝇及其它虫害钻入。室内温度控制在18~29C,相对湿度40%~70%,噪音60d以内。

The animal density in cages cannot be too large.Air supply device. exhaust device, cooling  heating equipment should be equipped.Dedicated sowage  drainage facilities must be built to provent spread of pathogens.All cages should be cleaned  disinfected regularly.Pad material must be disinfected by high temperature/pressure  drugs  replaced in time.Indoor ammonia concentrations must be below 15 mg/m3

笼内动物密度不能太大,要有送风、排风、降温及保暖设备。必须有专用的排污、排水设施,防止病原扩散。

各种笼具要定期清洗消毒,垫料须经高温高压或药物消毒并及时更换,使室内氨浓度在15mg/m以下。

动物实验室规划公司

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